tv Al Jazeera World News LINKTV June 13, 2013 7:00pm-7:31pm PDT
>> crossing a red line, the u.s. says the syrian government has used chemical weapons against the rebels. the white house shays it will now begin providing military -- white house says it will now begin providing military support to the opposition. world news from al jazeera. also ahead -- defying a final warning. demonstrators in turkey refuse to leave as the prime minister meets protest leaders. plus why the u.s. supreme court says human d.n.a. is no one's property. and a billion more people within 12 years the new
prediction for the world population boom. the united states says it believes that syria's government has used chemical weapons in its war against the rebels. president barack obama had described the use of such weapons as a red line. and the white house has confirmed it will now be providing military support to the opposition. the white house says the nerve gas serin was among the weapons used on a small scale a number of times in the last year. and between 100 and 150 people are estimated to have been killed in these attacks. and it has specific dates and locations for the attacks. in march, april, and may in in leppo and hans province and in damascus. >> they're being purposely vague after the president with his threats about chemical weapons he was pretty clear and
a red line. the white house is saying the ashad regime and the importance that they say it was the assad regime that they did cross this red line. so what is the next step? well, these are the words of republican rhodes and wasn't speaking to -- of ben rhodes and wasn't speaking to reporters on camera and didn't mention it and talking to reporters on the phone ben rhodes said they will provide military support. and he said i can't get into an inventory of that but it will be support that will be meant to help the s.m.c. in a military way. what does that mean? let's think about this. military support. that could be from knives to surface to air missiles to tanks to mopeds. we don't know exactly how they're going to help the s.m.c. they know what the s.m.c. needs and are going to provide that assistance and work with congress. they are trying to be vague on this. we'll see if they can -- last for more than a couple of days. eventually this sort of thing leaks out. but that's what they're trying to say now. >> within the last hour, we've had reaction from analysts in the u.s.
they can't agree on what the military support might entail. >> the president is saying it's not just us. it's the british and the french. and this is a violation of using chemical weapons of international norms. the next step will bring it to the u.n. where they haven't been able to get a resolution. and if they can get a u.n. resolution condemning the use of chemical weapons, i think this will be the first step to the united states providing more aid. and it will be lethal aid. up to now it's been nonlethal aid. i think it's going to be lethal aid will be the next step. >> military assistance can range from bandaids to bombs. it is clear that the syrian forces right now, the syrian rebel forces, need ammunition. they need intelligence surveillance and reconnaissance. they need communications. so he could give any limit of equipment, whether it's communications, whether it's medical assistance or whether it's ammunition. whether it's stinger missiles.
i would suspect at this point that we are not at the point where the united states is prepared to give a full throated support of all types of military equipment to the syrian forces. because there's still some outstanding questions about the rebel forces. who they represent. and what they're going to be doing with those weapons after the war's over. >> the united nations has issued its latest assessment of the death toll from syria's two-year civil war. almost 93,000 people have been confirmed killed in the conflict. although it says the actual figure is likely to be far higher. according to the u.n. high commission for human rights, more than 5,000 killings have been documented every month since last july. at least 6,500 children are among the victims of the two-year conflict. >> aleppo a year ago. and things have only got worse. more than 93,000 people have
been killed. and the u.n. admits that's a conservative estimate. >> the country's being absolutely ruined. and almost a third of the population now displaced either inside syria or across its borders. and massive destruction. so no one is gaining anything. they have to come to their senses and get talking. >> but gunfire across many syrian towns and cities is a reminder of the grim prospects for talks. activists are reporting that running battles between opposition forces and government troops supported by hezbollah fighters are continuing on the outskirts of aleppo. more reinforcement is arriving for the rebels in aleppo. fearing a major offensive by the syrian army. fighters have besieged the air base strategically located between the tuckish border and aleppo. but government forces are shelling rebel positions and deny losing part of any grip of the air base. the fighters are digging
trensms around the buildings under the control of the syrian army to strengthen their position. syrian rebels are also trying to regain control of areas near the capital. as fighting around damascus continued, so did shelling by the superior firepower of president assad's army. and there is more fighting in homs. these women fled from osair barely surviving the attacks. >> they cut everything. food supplies. medical supplies. they were shelling everywhere. on all roads. i found a piece of bread. that small. and fed it to my kids. i didn't eat so they could eat. all day my son would tell me he's hungry and wants bread. >> the new number of people killed is going to be a talking point as well as they get ready to meet again. more words and meetings mean little for thousands of syrian families suffering in the conflict.
>> the turkish prime minister tayyip erdogan, meeting for the second time. thousands of people in istanbul have ignored what prime minister erdogan called his final warning to leave the park at the center of demonstrations. five people have died and more than 5,000 injured so far. our correspondent joins us live once again from ankara where the meeting has been taking place. anita, are those talks still going on? >> they have just literally in the last couple of minutes, announcement has been made for the meeting has concluded. a marathon session. it's 3:00 a.m. here. the meeting has been going on for more than three years. we don't know quite what to expect. it will be a very exhausted pair of teams on both sides. is there going to be a press conference? we're hoping there will be. we're on standby for it. who will say what? what is being concluded? what the meetingas arrived at.
has a consensus, a compromise been achieved? none of this do we know. all of this we're waiting to find out. >> who was at these talks? >> an interesting mix. on the prime minister's side, him, his daughter, perhaps representing the younger voice. there in the government or at least with the government's ear. some of his advisors and cabinet ministers. on the protest side, not only protesters. a rather interesting group of celebrities, too. actresses, singers, pop singers. and some union representatives, too, we understand, although we're not clear on the proportions of all of those. what's at stake tonight is really quite important. because you have still thousands and the estimates i got from the area this evening from people i sent in to do a good -- a good guess, they've been there every night. since the protests begun so a good feel for this.
somewhere between 5,000 and 7,000 people. packed into just the park area alone. and they've got to find a way, both sides have to find a face-saving constructive way out of this dilemma. because the government by its own admission says this whole episode has been extremely damaging to turkey's image. that are looking for a resolution. the prime minister has been taking a slightly different line. he's been saying things like this could be cleared and should be cleared in the next 24 hours. and he's been telling parents to ask their children to go home. but the protesters, obviously, they're not just to protect the trees because it hasn't been about the trees for an awful long time but also to gain assurance that the proposed developments they say was -- was developed or at least planned and was going to be executed without sufficient consultation is now shelved. and as a result, of the -- the damage these protests have done, in terms of personnel, the people who have been jailed, the people who have
been injured, they want to see some kind of justice there. they want to see the people who organized the control and perhaps command, the competitive use of force against protesters and the government has conceded itself there has been competitive use of force, they want to see some of those people dismissed from their jobs or brought to justice. so quite a bit to be brought together here. and we simply don't know how deeply the conversations at this meeting ranged. but we do know that what the government will not want to go through again and what the protesters don't want to see is any more violence in taksim square or gezi park. >> and we'll continue to monitor developments there in turkey for you. strikes that have been causing air travel chaos in france have now spread to the railways. transport workers angry at
planned changes to the rail network have walked out. almost three quarters of train journeys in paris were canceled. earlier this week, air traffic control workers went on strike disrupting thousands of flights. meanwhile, thousands of greeks continue to protest against the closure of the state television broadcaster ert. as john siropolis the controversy is now threatening to split the government. >> as the crowds gathered outside the state tv headquarters, the rallying cry was freedom for the public broadcaster. and what started as a government effort to restructure an overmanned organization appears in danger of spinning out of the coalition's control. even threatening its unity. a reporter and a news presenter. he has worked for ert for almost 20 years. and he believes employees are being unfairly blamed for government mismanagement. >> the government appoints after the election the managers, appoints the board. the -- the c.e.o., the
president. so any mismanagement or overspending or any jobs given for political favors is because of the management. >> despite the government pulling the plug on public television it is still broadcasting news through the internet and a borrowed frequency. in fact, it is the only news available. because strikes have silenced the private sector bulletins for the foreseeable future. private networks didn't exist in greece until a quarter century ago. and people's memory of the country's momentous events is bound up with public television. which they also see as an intrinsic part of national sovereigntyy. that has been so eroded in recent years. the government calls the greek state a jurassic park of opaque and wasteful entities. it says closure was the only way to revamp ert. >> we had offered the salary system for the journalists and the greek public broadcasting system that made them the most well -- the most advantages in
the greek public sector. and they wanted more. >> but the emotional backlash has clearly shaken the government. its junior partners who -- are displeased with the conservative prime minister's autocratic style. he has challenged them with the threat of an election that would plunge greece back into uncertainty. but for honest employees like papasinu in a uncertainty will be all the greater. ohn ciropolis, athens. >> welcome back. the top stories here on al jazeera. the u.s. government says it has conclusive evidence that syrian government forces have used chemical weapons against the rebels. the white house also says that president obama has decided to provide military support to the rebels. and a new u.n. report says that at least 93,000 people have been killed since a war began in syria. the u.n. human rights chief
says the actual death toll is likely to be higher. more than 6,000 children are among those killed. the turkish prime minister, tayyip erdogan, has fend a second meeting with protest leaders in ankara. thousands of people in istanbul have ignored what he called his final warning. leave taksim square or be removed by police. in a few hours' time voting will begin in iran. the presidential election to choose a successor to president mahmoud ahmadinejad. six candidates are in the race. one reformist and five conservatives. spoke to people in tehran about the issues they want the next leader to tackle. >> contemplating an iran without the incumbent president mahmoud ahmadinejad. >> i want the next president to fix relations with foreign countries. the other issues are social,
making the situation better for unemployment, education, and the economy. >> each of the candidates has been approved by the guardian cowens -- council. of the six in the race, most are conservative. only hasan rowani is moderate and likely to be the one many reformist voters back in the polls. he's already said he wants to ease tensions with the international community. and many iranians agree. >> i think the reformists are more interested with making peace with the world. and i think we should vote for somebody who can make this business his first priority. >> the economy is one of the main concerns for iranians. goly has s muamar been making promises of economic change. >> i expect the next president to stop increasing prices and reducing inflation rates that we are facing. also provide jobs for young people that are relevant to their studies.
apologies. a slight technical problem with that. moving on to other news, sudan's army has blamed rebels who it says are backed by south sudan for an attack on an oil pipeline. the explosion and fire happened in the abia region. khartoum says the rebels received technical support from south sudan's army. south sudan has denied any role in the attack. talks between mali's government and rebels have failed to produce a deal to hold elections in international mediators expect the two sides to continue negotiations over the coming days. the fighters in northern mali want autonomy for the tarwag homeland and say they're committed to the talks.
zimbabwe's government has called an election for the end of next month but his rival prime minister morgan changawan is opposed to the plan and said they can't decide on a date without approval from other leaders in the power-sharing government. and the world's largest cocoa producer is under threat as more farmers turn to growing rubber. production is expected to more than double within the next seven years. our report from senkesey on why rubber is replacing cocoa as a crop of choice. >> like most farmers in ivory coast raymond eng rufment ruse's family has been raising cocoa for generations. a couple of years ago he decided to start growing rubber trees instead. >> i left cocoa farming because rubber gives me a regular income. cocoa is a seasonal product. you only get paid every three
months. and cocoa unlike rubber is difficult to harvest. there are a lot of processes involved. and a lot of people involved. but with rubber farming, you're in total control. you look after the trees. do a month's work and get paid at the end of it. >> and that's why many ivorian farmers are turning to farming rubber in droves. last year, farmers produced 255,000 tons of rubber. by the year 2020, they want to produce 600,000 from rubber plantations like this. and they may achieve that goal. natural rubber is used to make bus and track tires and world demand for it is so high that this processing plant runs nearly 24 hours a day. but there's not enough land and government finance to support rubber farmers. last year, there were applications to fund 55,000 hettres of land but the government only able to finance 17,000 hectres. >> the main problem is that we
don't have enough nurseries to produce the seedlings. the demand is too high. >> the minister of agriculture says the government is doing all it can to provide more money. >> we believe that this is a sector that can bring more resources to our economy and fight poverty. i believe that farmers will be the ones getting the satisfaction. >> the lack of land and government money makes it difficult for ivory coast avenues 100,000 rubber farmers to give up growing cocoa altogether. t least for now. >> it could be almost one billion extra people in the world within the next 12 years. the united nations says the current population of just over seven billion will increase to more than eight billion by 2025. and the figure is set to keep rising. by the middle of the century, there could be almost 10 billion people on the planet. and china is the world's most populous country today but experts say india will surpass
it within 15 years. china's population is set to peak at 1.5 billion and expected to fall back to one billion by the end of the century. but it's africa that may see the biggest changes from a population of just over one billion today. quadrupling to more than four billion by 2,100. nigeria might have a larger population than the united states by 2050. and by the end of the century, it could be the world's second most populous country. we spoke to robert angleman president of the world watch institute, an environmental research group in washington, d.c. >> well, no one of course really knows exactly how many people are going to be alive on the planet in 2025. or 2050 or certainly not 2100. even u.n. demographers. what is most interesting about this is not so much the projections for what may happen in the future, as the current demographic conditions, what's happening now in population
that led the u.n. demographers who make these estimates every two years to increase their projections on what's likely to be coming in the developing world. particularly what's happened is the fertility is higher in a number of countries, particularly in africa. they already high fertility countries in africa, and demographers had h really understood just a few years ago. so they're looking at fertility trends and they're actually upping their best guess as to what will happen particularly in the developing world. that's what's really most surprising about this report. u.n. demographers have been continually over the past decade or so raising their best guess on how many people will be alive in africa, and as well in parts of asia and latin america. 20502sh2025, 2050 and 2100. >> carlos menem has been sentenced to seven years in prison. he's been con victed of smuggling weapons to ecuador and croatia in the 1990's and
the court asked the senate to remove the immunity that menem enjoyed as an elected member of congress. a commuter train has crashed into the back of another train near the argentinean capital buenos aires. at least three people have been killed. and many more injured. the accident happened during morning rush hour. a crash on the same line two years ago killed 51 people and left more than 700 wounded. one person has been killed and more than 70 others injured after a massive explosion at a chemical plant in the u.s. state of louisiana. the blast happened at factory along the mississippi river. just south of baton rouge. the u.s. supreme court has made a ruling that could have an impact on the fast-growing area of d.n.a. medicine. it was considering whether a company that finds a particular gene should be allowed to patent it. mark orchard has more. >> when actress angelina jolie did a genetic test and realized she's predisposed to certain
types of cancer, she had a double mastectomy to reduce the risk. she's pretty rich. so the $3 test wasn't a problem for her -- the $3,000 test wasn't a problem for her. but doctors say the test doesn't need to be that expensive. it is because a company myriad owns the genetic test and has a patent on it. so they took the case to the u.s. supreme court. and the justices agreed, saying the company can't patent something found in nature. but it was a split decision. if the company does anything to change the d.n.a., create a synthetic version, that is their exclusive property. meaning the current test could still be protected. that is, until a new test is created. but the ruling does open the door for that new technology. says geneticist dave kaufman. a bicycle.ay use but the motorcycle's been invented and still a little expensive. but it's actually here and being used for some things.
and so i might not need to ride my bicycle. i can get on the motorcycle and do -- and get the same place, maybe even a little bit faster. to do the genetic test. >> but the companies involved say they will be less likely to invest the millions in research if they can't make their money back. >> if the fruits of that discovery are not patentable, it takes away one incentive to do that research. >> for the supreme court, there seems to be no question. saying in essence, just because you found something in nature doesn't mean you get to own it. no matter how much you spent to find it. a case that will have broad implications for one of the fastest growing areas of research and medicine. and impact millions of people. mark orchard, al jazeera,. >> mexico city has a new superhero. little pedestrian helps people navigate the chaos in the largest city in the world. he's up against millions of
cars and bad drivers as rachel levin reports from mexico city. >> almost superhuman strength, he pushes back cars blocking cross walks with his bare hands. and he helps the elderly safely navigate the congested streets. he even paints cross walks where there are none to be found. when it comes to defending the rights of pedestrians, no task too small for enito. this modern day hero is the tar ego of 26-year-old jorge canes who works at a nonprofit to promote sustainable growth in mexico city. >> i'm trying to catch the attention of citizens who don't respect pedestrians as well as the authorities who don't have adequate public policies to allow pedestrians to move around the city safely. >> notorious for its traffic jams and pollution, this is one. biggest cities in the world. more than 25 million people live here. and more than a quarter of them own cars. in a city where the car is king, fighting for the rights
of pedestrians isn't easy. but this local politician says lives depend on it. and she's trying to pass a new law that would require more friendly spaces for those on foot. >> the number one cause of death here is not diabetes, cancer, or violence. it's automobile accidents. and solving this issue isn't a top priority for the government, then i don't know what is. >> some have started to ditch their cars for this bike-sharing program. launched less than three years ago 80,000 people are already enrolled. and plans are under way to turn more streets on the city's center into car-free zones. this street used to be congested with cars before it turned into a pedestrian walkway. and now it's one of the few places in the city where people can walk safely and stress free. despite these promising steps, enito says he will not stop educating people about pedestrian rights and trying to change drivers' attitudes. >> i had a lot of support from sit zepszens.